Glossary of Insurance and Military Related Terms

Please note this glossary is intended as a general aid to help you understand some of the commonly occurring phrases and jargon used in the insurance/military world they are intended for general guidance. If you have any questions about the use or meaning of a term or expression in any particular product or literature, please feel free to raise this with us, we would be happy to provide more information.

ABI
Association of British Insurers – is a trade association made up of UK insurance companies.

ACT OF GOD
An event which is not the fault of any person, such as lightning strike. These may or may not be insurable, depending on your policy.

AMENDMENT
A change to your original policy.

ANNUAL BUSINESS MILEAGE
Annual business mileage is the total number of miles you do in a year in connection with your business or employment.

ANNUAL MILEAGE
Annual mileage is the total number of miles you do in a year.

ANNUAL PREMIUM
The amount paid by the policy holder on an annual basis to cover the cost of the insurance policy.

BREAKDOWN COVER
Breakdown cover offers vehicle assistance in event of a vehicle failure that leaves the driver stranded.

BROKER
An independent intermediary that arranges and sells insurance on behalf of different insurance companies.

CANCELLATION
Ending your insurance policy. You might be charged if you cancel before your policy is due to end. Your policy documentation will have details of these charges.

CERTIFICATE OF MOTOR INSURANCE
An important document which provides legal evidence of your insurance and the period it is in force.

CLAIM
Any report of an incident in which the policy holder requests a pay-out or indemnity from the insurer under the conditions of the policy.

COMPREHENSIVE COVER OR FULLY COMPREHENSIVE
Covers accidental damage to the driver’s vehicle in addition to third party fire and theft cover.

CONVICTION CODE
When someone commits a motoring offence and receives a motoring conviction, a four-digit conviction code, such as SP30, is put on their licence by the DVLA.

COVER TYPE
The type of cover taken out on the vehicle such as: Third Party Only, Third Party Fire and Theft and Fully Comprehensive.

DRIVING LICENCE
A permit to drive a motor vehicle gained after passing your driving test. Different licences are issued dependent on where you live and the vehicle you drive.

DUTY OF DISCLOSURE
If you make any changes which affect your insurance policy, then you need to let your insurer know straight away. This can include changing address or name, changing your vehicle etc.

DVLA
The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency is responsible for maintaining a database of drivers in Great Britain and a database of vehicles for the entire United Kingdom. The agency issues driving licences, organises collection of vehicle excise duty (also known as road tax and road fund licence) and sells private number plates.

ENDORSEMENT
A change made to an existing insurance policy during the term of cover that adds to or restricts the original coverage terms e.g. change of vehicle.

EXCESS(ES)
The excess is the amount you must pay towards any claim, this can include both compulsory and voluntary excesses in which case the insurer will add them together.

EXCLUSIONS
Insurance companies won’t pay out for certain risks or types of loss or damage. These exclusions will be clearly set out in your policy terms and conditions.

FAULT CLAIM
A fault claim is when you are deemed to have caused an accident or when your insurer is unable to recover the full cost of an incident from the third party.

FINANCIAL CONDUCT AUTHORITY (FCA)
The UK’s financial watchdog. The FCA regulates financial services companies, including insurance companies.

GREEN CARD
Outside the EU, a green card proves that your insurance covers the minimum cover in the country you’re
driving. Green cards are provided by your insurer.

IMMOBILISER
An electronic security device to prevent thieves from stealing a car even if they gain entry. The immobiliser forms part of the engine control unit (ECU), and prevents the car from being started unless it recognises signals from a transponder in the key.

IMPORT OR IMPORTED VEHICLE
Vehicles brought into the UK market which have been made outside of the UK.

INSURABLE INTEREST
To insure any vehicle, you must have an insurable interest in the property, and as a result, would suffer a loss if it was damaged.

INSURANCE PREMIUM TAX
A government tax which is included in the price of your insurance.

INSURED VALUE
The amount which a car is insured for. This amount also influences the annual premium paid to insure the vehicle.

INSURER
A person or company that insures something or someone against loss or damage.

LICENCE TYPE
A permit to drive a motor vehicle, gained after passing your driving test. Different licences are issued dependent on where you live and the vehicle you drive.

MAIN DRIVER
The person who drives the vehicle the majority of the time.

MARKET VALUE
The cost of replacing the car with another of the same make, specification, model, age, mileage and condition as the car immediately before the loss or damage happened.

MID
The Motor Insurance Database is an independently operated database of all insured cars in the UK. Insurers are required by law to supply certain data to the MID within 14 days of cover inception.

MODIFICATIONS
Any changes made to your vehicle which are not classed as factory standard including engine modifications, alloys, spoilers etc.

NO CLAIMS BONUS/DISCOUNT
A reward for people who don’t make a claim on their policy. The discount is applied to the premium at renewal.

NON-FAULT CLAIM
A non-fault claim is when you have been involved in an accident where someone else is to blame.

NON-UK SPECIFICATION
A vehicle imported into the UK which differs from current UK specifications. In general, imports are more expensive and difficult to insure.

OPTIONAL EXTRAS
Additional policy benefits which can be purchased to run alongside the main policy.

PERIOD OF COVER
The period of time covered by the policy as shown in the policy schedule.

POINTS
Should you be convicted of a motoring offence such as speeding, a number of points will be added to your licence. Your insurer must be made aware of any points on your licence as they may lead to an increase in premium.

POLICYHOLDER
The person who takes out the insurance policy.

PREMIUM
The amount you pay to insure yourself or your property

QUOTE
The premium and terms offered by a potential insurance company to insure your car for the cover you require.

RATING
Insurance premiums are based on a number of factors such as age, postcode, driving history and occupation – this is commonly known as ‘rating’.

REGISTERED KEEPER
The registered keeper is the person who is using / keeping the vehicle and this does not need to be the owner (person who paid for it).

RENEWAL
The point at which you are invited to renew your insurance policy for another year.

RISK
This is the method by which insurance underwriters decide how likely you are to make a claim and how costly this claim is likely to be. This enables the underwriters to calculate what premium you should pay.

RISK ADDRESS
The address where the car is kept usually overnight.

ROAD TRAFFIC ACT
In 1930 the Road Traffic Act came into force to guarantee that cover would compensate the innocent victims of accidents.

SCHEDULE
The document which identifies the policyholder and sets out details of the cover the policy provides.

SORN
You are required to complete a Statutory Off-Road Notification if you don’t use or keep your vehicle on a public road, e.g. you keep it in a garage, on a drive or on private land.

TELEMATICS
Telematics use ‘black box’ technology to remotely monitor how a car is driven and when it’s driven. This
information is sometimes used to calculate insurance premiums

THIRD PARTY
A person involved in a claim who is neither the policyholder nor the insurer.

THIRD PARTY, FIRE AND THEFT
Covers fire and theft of the vehicle in addition to third party only cover.

TOTAL LOSS
In insurance, a total loss or write-off is when an insurer deems the repair cost of a damaged car exceeds the value of its policy

TRACKER
An electronic device installed in a vehicle enabling owners or third parties to track the location and movement of a vehicle.

UK SPECIFICATION
A vehicle which matches UK specifications but was imported from another country.

UNDERWRITER
The company or person providing the insurance cover under your policy.

UNINSURED DRIVERS AGREEMENT
If you are in an accident with an uninsured driver or the offending party refuses to give you their insurance details, and it was their fault, you are required to contact the police and then your insurer, who will try to trace the other driver. In the event that the other driver is not found, you can submit a claim to the Motor Insurers’ Bureau to try and reclaim your losses.

UNINSURED LOSES
Uninsured losses are those items of expense which are not covered by your own insurance policy.

USE – CLASS OF USE
What you use your vehicle for. If you use your business for social and business purposes you are considered a greater risk due to the extra mileage and goods you may carry.

VOLUNTARY EXCESS
You can usually choose to pay more towards the cost of a claim. This generally reduces the price of your premium.

WRITE OFF
A vehicle damaged beyond repair or so badly damaged that it would cost more to repair than the value of the vehicle.